Setting Up Linux Containers (LXD) on Synology Devices


Synology, a leader in NAS (Network-Attached Storage) solutions, provides robust platforms for running containerized applications using Linux containers. This guide will walk you through the steps to set up and manage LXD (Linux Containers) on your Synology device, focusing on Ubuntu and Debian containers. This setup is ideal for hosting home-based applications but requires diligent management to keep the systems updated and secure.


Before you begin, ensure that your Synology NAS is compatible with Docker and that you have administrative access to DSM (DiskStation Manager). You should also be familiar with basic Linux command line operations.

Installing Docker on Synology

First, you need to install Docker, which will facilitate the running of LXD containers:

Setting Up LXD on Docker

With Docker installed, you can now set up LXD by pulling the latest LXD image from the Docker hub:

sudo docker pull lxc/lxd

Next, initialize LXD with the necessary configurations. Run the following command and follow the on-screen instructions:

sudo docker run --name my-lxd -d lxc/lxd

Configuring Storage and Networking

Proper storage and networking configurations are crucial for effective container management. Here's how to configure storage for your LXD containers:

sudo docker exec my-lxd lxd init

Follow the prompts to set up storage pools and network bridges as required for your applications.

Launching and Managing Containers

To launch a new container, use the following command, replacing 'ubuntu' with the desired container image:

sudo docker exec my-lxd lxc launch ubuntu:20.04 my-container

Manage your containers with commands to start, stop, and monitor their statuses.

Keeping Containers Updated

Keeping your containers up-to-date is essential for security and performance. Automate updates using scripts or integrate with a patch management system like LinuxPatch:

sudo docker exec my-lxd lxc exec my-container -- apt-get update && apt-get upgrade -y

For comprehensive patch management and automated updates, consider using LinuxPatch, a specialized platform for Linux servers.


Running LXD on Synology NAS using Docker provides a flexible and powerful environment for container management. By following these steps, you can effectively set up, manage, and maintain your Linux containers, ensuring they remain secure and perform optimally.